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when to harvest sweet cherry

    Overview

    A standard sweet cherry tree produces 30 to 50 quarts of fruit a year, while a dwarf tree yields 10 to 15 quarts, according to the National Gardening Association. During respiration, plant cells consume oxygen and give off carbon dioxide and energy. If you harvest sweet cherry too early, you get a smaller fruit of poor color and taste. The Lapins Cherry produces slightly larger fruit that is 28 to 29 millimeters in diameter. The sugar content increases toward the end of the ripening phase. If you pick sweet cherry during the day when the weather is warmer, you must remove the field heat quickly with pressure cooling to ensure quality. For instance, the Chelan cultivar yields smaller fruit that ranges from 25 to 28 millimeters in diameter. The liberated energy is called field heat and it causes shrinkage and sugar depletion in fruit. However, most gardeners just rely on taste.S. Fresh fruit respires heavily after it is picked.

    Step 3

    Check the firmness of the fruit as another indicator of harvest time. Commercial growers test soluble solids, or sugar levels, with an instrument called a refractometer. It's best to know the typical firmness level of your sweet cherry because each cultivar is different.

    Step 2

    Determine when to harvest sweet cherry by the sugar content.

    Step 1

    Look for a well-colored sweet cherry crop to appear in July. Take note that some cultivars, like the Van, overproduce with smaller cherries, then bear fruits biennially. If you are in doubt, evaluate your fruit like the pros do and look at the color, taste, firmness and size. Like the firmess level, cultivars are marked by a standard of size. To meet U. The trick is to know when to harvest sweet cherry. Commercial growers use measuring devices, but most home gardeners compress the fruit between their fingers to judge the firmness.

    Step 4

    Measure the size of the fruit.

    Step 5

    Harvest sweet cherry in the morning when the weather is cooler. So try a couple and if they are not to your liking, then give the fruit 2 to 3 days. For example, the Sandra Rose Cherry is only marginally firm when ripe, but the Regina cultivar is very firm. The rate of respiration is regulated by temperature.

    . A Royal Ann is yellow with a pink blush. minimum maturity standards, 95 percent of the cherry must represent the typical color for the variety, according to The University of California Postharvest Technology Research and Information Center. The timing of harvest depends on your location and the cultivar, or type of sweet cherry you are growing. If you harvest too late, you get soft fruit that is prone to decay, stem browning and pitting. For instance, a typical Bing cherry is light mahogany, or brownish red
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